THE AMERICAN NATIONAL ANTHEM AND INDIAN ROCKETS AND INDIAN MADE SHIP MINDEN

William Congreve Brings Rocketry Success to Britain[COPIED FROM CAPTURED INDIAN ROCKET]
The Congreve Rocket was a British military weapon designed and developed by Sir William Congreve in 1804.
The Congreve Rocket:-CLICK AND READ:-http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Congreve_rocket


Lyrics


Cover of sheet music for "The Star-Spangled Banner", transcribed for piano by Ch. Voss, Philadelphia: G. Andre & Co., 1862
Jamshedji Bomanji Wadia built Minden in 1810. She was launched from the Duncan docks in Bombay (now Mumbai), India.
On September 3, 1814, Francis Scott Key and John Stuart Skinner set sail from Baltimore aboard the ship HMS Minden,

Construction 

Jamshedji Bomanji Wadia built Minden in 1810. She was launched from the Duncan Docks in Bombay (now Mumbai), India, and was built of teak. 

Service history
Minden sailed from Bombay on her first cruise, under the command of Edward Wallis Hoare, and manned by the crew of the Russell, on 8 February 1811. In March she sailed from Madras to take part in the invasion of Java. On 29 July two of her boats, under the command of Lieutenant Edmund Lyons, with only 35 officers and men aboard, attacked and captured the fort covering the harbour of Marrack, to the westward of Batavia.The Naval General Service Medal with the clasp "30 July Boat Service 1811" was issued to survivors of this action in 1848. The Dutch and French forces in Java surrendered in September. Minden then sailed for the UK and escorted convoys to the East Indies, the Cape of Good Hope, South America, and the coast of Africa.
Minden saw service during the War of 1812 in the Chesapeake Bay. Some accounts state that Francis Scott Key was aboard Minden when he wrote the poem "The Defense of Ft. McHenry", later renamed "The Star-Spangled Banner".
In late July 1816 Minden sailed from Plymouth Sound, as part of an Anglo-Dutch fleet that made an attack on Algiers on 27 August. The Naval General Service Medal with the clasp "Algiers" was issued to survivors of this battle in 1848.
HMS Minden was a Royal Navy 74-gun Ganges-class Third Rate. This ship of the line was launched on 19 June 1810. She was named after the German town Minden and the Battle of Minden of 1759, a decisive victory of British and Prussian forces over France in the Seven Years' War. The town is about 75 km away from Hanover, from where the House of Hanover comes—the dynasty which ruled the United Kingdom from 1714 until 1901.
Minden saw service during the War of 1812 in the Chesapeake Bay. Some accounts state that Francis Scott Key was aboard Minden when he wrote the poem "The Defense of Ft. McHenry", later renamed "The Star-Spangled Banner"

 MINATURE MODEL OF HMS MINDEN USED  AGAINST AMERICA

{INDIAN MADE SHIP HMS MINDEN BELONGED TO -- GANGES -CLASS SHIP
THE ROCKETS:-{COPIED FROM INDIAN ROCKETS}}
Later at the battle of Srirangapattana (4th Anglo-Mysore war) in April 1799, British forces lead by Colonel Arthur Wellesley (Duke of Wellington) ran away from the battlefield when attacked by rockets and musket fire of Tipu Sultan's army. Unlike contemporary rockets whose combustion chamber was made of wood (bamboo), Tipu's rockets (weighing between 2.2 to 5.5 kg) used iron cylinder casings that allowed greater pressure, thrust and range (1.5 to 2.5 Km). The British were greatly impressed by the Mysorean rockets using iron tubes. At the end of war more then 700 rockets and sub systems of 900 rockets were captured and sent to England.

William Congreve thoroughly examined the Indian specimens to reverse engineer and making its copies that were later used successfully in naval attack on Boulogne (1806), siege of Copenhagen (1807) and also against Fort Washington (New York) during the American Independence War, that is recounted as, rockets' red glare in the U.S. National Anthem, "The Star Spangled Banner."

The guy who wrote the Anthem got its inspiration during an attack on Baltimore by the British, I guess during the war of 1812. And guess what kind of attack was that inspired him? A rocket attack. Baltimore was attacked by the British using the Cosgrove rockets. Cosgrove was a Major during the East India Company's battles against Tipu and had seen the rockets destructive affect at first hand. There's a line in the anthem that goes-

O'er the ramparts we watched were so gallantly streaming?
And the rockets' red glare, the bombs bursting in air,


AND INDIAN TECHNOLOGY OF ROCKETS WERE USED BY BRITISH IN ATTACKING BALTIMORE IN AMERICA IN 1812

President Abdul Kalam in his autobiography, Wings of Fire, says

Tipu was revered in America too, and recalls his own experience at NASA. He had been to the Wallops Flight Facility at Wallops Island in East Coast, Virginia, which was a base of NASA's sounding rocket programme,
 
 and had seen a painting displayed prominently in the lobby there. It depicted a battle scene with rockets flying in the background.
 
 Later, he came to know it was Tipu Sultan's army fighting the British. He writes: "The painting depicted a fact forgotten in Tipu's own country but commemorated here on the other side of the planet. I was happy to see an Indian glorified by NASA as a hero of warfare rocketry."
                               TIPU SULTAN OF MYSORE ,INDIA [RULER OF MYSORE]

 The Mysore Tiger - Tipu Sultan used Rocket Technology in 1780 A.D
               

Rockets in use in a war and (below) Tipu Sultan
Rockets in use in a war 1780 INDIA
 AFTER TIPU'S DEFEAT THE ROCKETS WERE TAKEN TO ENGLAND BY THE BRITISH SOLDIERS TO COPY IT AND MAKE NEW ROCKETS
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SAME ROCKETS  LATER USED IN WASHINGTON BY BRITISH AGAINST AMERICA
The full-scale attack on Baltimore (September 14) 1812

During the War of 1812 the British burned the White House  in retaliation because a year before the US troops set fire to the British Parliament Building in Canada. The White House before it was set fire was the dinning room for all the British officers. Has the British was approaching Washington Dolly Madison packed up all the important documents and even the portrait of George Washington.Without Dolly Madison the portrait of George Washington that stands is in the White House today would not be there today. The White House was a total loss anything that was left inside was not there and the building had to be knocked down and built from the ground up. The White House that stand today is the same one that was re-built after the first one was set on fire. The White House was not the only goverment building set one fire every single goverment building in Washington except one the Post Office. Once President Madison returned to Washington he held he meeting in the Post Office because it was the only goverment building still standing.



President Madison
 And the rocket's red glare, the bombs bursting in air,[battle_of_fort_mchenry.]

"The Star-Spangled Banner" is the national anthem of the United States of America.

Lyrics:- national anthem of the United States of America

O! say can you see by the dawn’s early light,
What so proudly we hailed at the twilight’s last gleaming,
Whose broad stripes and bright stars through the perilous fight,
O’er the ramparts we watched, were so gallantly streaming?
And the rockets’ red glare, the bombs bursting in air,
Gave proof through the night that our flag was still there;
O! say does that star-spangled banner yet wave,
O’er the land of the free and the home of the brave?





US National Anthem by the Academy Choirs